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生物质成型燃料环保身份为何屡遭质疑?

日期: 2017-08-04
浏览次数: 331

 

今年年初,环保部《高污染燃料目录(二次征求意见稿)》中将“加工成型的农林固体生物质燃料”划入管控燃料之列的事情让业内人士忧虑不已。后经行业协会、专家及行业从业者呼吁,在今年4月2日环保部印发的《高污染燃料目录》中,规范燃用的生物质固体成型燃料不再纳入高污染范畴。环境保护部大气环境管理司司长刘炳江表示,在规范的燃用方式下,我们是鼓励发展的,目标就是要按照《生物质能发展“十三五”规划》要求,促进生物质成型燃料行业的健康有序发展。

Earlier this year, the ministry of the polluting fuels directory (second draft) \"in agriculture, forestry and solid biomass fuel processing and shaping\" \"delimit controls fuel of the things to the personage inside course of study at.After industry associations, experts and industry practitioners, in April 2, issued by the ministry of the catalog of polluting fuels, standardize the gasification of biomass solid formed fuel into the category of high pollution no longer.Atmospheric environment, the environmental protection department, said Liu Bingjiang under the burning way of the specification, we is to encourage the development of the target is to be in accordance with the biomass energy development \"much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning requirements, promote the healthy and orderly development of the biomass fuel molding industry.


至此,在国家层面针对生物质固体成型燃料有了明确的“鼓励”态度。环保部门的这句“鼓励”来自于对反对意见的虚心听取。听得进不同声音,下得了更正决心,我们要为环保部门“点赞”,执政当如是。

 At this point, there is a clear "encouraging" attitude towards biomass solid forming fuel at the national level. This "encouragement" from the environmental protection department comes from the open mind of the opposition. Listen to different voices, get the correct determination, we want to be the environmental protection department "thumb up", govern when so.

 

然而,生物质成型燃料在环保部的“正名”之后的发展也并非一帆风顺。一些地方政府因地制宜,以生物质成型燃料替代煤炭、以生物质成型燃料供热替代燃煤供热“两个替代”为方向,加快生物质成型燃料产业发展。一些地方在制定地方生态环境保护规划时,将生物质固体成型燃料划为Ⅲ类严格管控燃料。

However, the development of biomass forming fuels in the ministry of environmental protection has not been smooth. Some local government adjust measures to local conditions, straw briquette fuel replacing coal and biomass forming alternative fuel heating coal heating "two alternatives" as the direction, speed up the development of straw briquette fuel industry. In some places, when making the local ecological environment protection planning to biomass solid formed fuel as Ⅲ strictly controls the fuel.

        

两院院士石元春表示:生物质成型燃料属于清洁、绿色、低碳的可再生能源,其在专用锅炉中燃烧,仅需要适当除尘,就可达到与天然气相同的烟尘、氮氧化物排放水平,二氧化硫排放远低于天然气。在经济性方面,获得相同热量,生物质成型燃料的成本仅有天然气的60%甚至更低。同时,生物质成型燃料将露天焚烧的秸秆在锅炉里清洁燃烧,这种产业化、资源化的利用的方式,既提供了清洁能源,又治理了秸秆露天焚烧。

Members yuan-chun shi said: straw briquette fuel belongs to a clean, green, low carbon renewable energy, in the special boiler combustion, only need a good dust removal, can achieve the same as the natural gas soot and nox emission level, sulfur dioxide emissions is far lower than the natural gas. In terms of economics, the same amount of heat, biomass forming fuel costs only 60 percent or less of natural gas. At the same time, will open burning of biomass straw clean combustion in the boiler, this way of industrialization, resource utilization, offers both clean energy, and governance open burning of straw.        

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有些人认为生物质成型燃料在燃烧时会产生黑烟,因此非常不清洁。其实,像煤炭、油气这类被列入高污染目录的燃料,就目前的技术而言,完全可以通过烟气脱硫、脱硝、除尘实现清洁利用,生物质成型燃料也不例外,只要技术适当,操作规范,完全可以达到国家标准。相反,若是缺乏专业管理,即使公认“清洁能源”天然气,也会排放超标。

Some people think that biomass forming fuel produces black smoke when it burns, so it's very dirty. Actually, such as coal, oil and gas have been listed in the directory of the fuel, high pollution in terms of current technology, completely can be achieved by flue gas desulfurization and denitration, dust removal clean utilization of straw briquette fuel is not exceptional also, as long as the appropriate technology, operation specification, can completely meet the national standards. On the contrary, if it lacks professional management, even the accepted "clean energy" natural gas will emit excessive emissions.

      

在环保压力日益严峻的当下,管控排放更能解决问题。地方应建立排放达标体系标准。无论燃煤锅炉改造成烧天然气、烧电还是烧生物质,只要排放合格,就还好燃料。对于一些中小企业,煤改生物质以经济实惠。如若改造成天然气或者烧电的锅炉,动辄成百上千万的投入对他们来说是致命的。环保要继续,企业也要生存,地方经济也要发展。地方政府与其管控错综复杂的燃料,不如严把排放关。生物质成型燃料是可再生能源,价格低廉,若能够符合地方排放标准,各地方政府应鼓励发展,才能实现国家能源局《生物质能发展“十三五”规划》中,到2020年,生物质成型燃料3000万吨的目标。

Under the increasingly severe environmental pressure, managing emissions is more likely to solve the problem. Local emission standards should be established. Whether the coal-fired boilers are converted into burning natural gas, burning electricity or burning biomass, the fuel is good as long as it is discharged. For some small and medium-sized enterprises, coal changes to biomass for economic benefit. If converted into natural gas or electric boilers, it would be fatal for them to invest millions of dollars. Environmental protection should continue, businesses will survive and local economies will develop. Local governments, rather than managing the intricacies of the fuel, should be strict. Straw briquette fuel is renewable energy, low cost, if can meet the local discharge standards, the local government should be encouraged to develop, in order to realize the national energy administration in biomass energy development "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning, by 2020, 30 million tons of biomass.

 

生物质成型燃料环保性和经济性兼得,既然有清洁能源的基因,政策就该助推其更好地发挥作用。一切政策的立足点,都应该是体现生物质成型燃料绿色低碳清洁环保的本质特性,促进生物质成型燃料发展。

Biomass forming fuels are environmentally friendly and economical, and since there is a gene for clean energy, policies should help to make it work better. All policy's foothold should be to reflect the nature of green and low-carbon clean and environmental protection of biomass forming fuel, and promote the development of biomass forming fuel.

(文章来源网络)

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